Posted by Art Of Legend India [dot] Com On 1:05 AM
Short Summary: A brief overview of the history of the Private Investigator
Private Investigators today, undertake many different roles to help gather information in their cases. There are specialist agents who work within specific areas alone; such as insurance cases, or due diligence. There are those who offer a whole plethora of services, such as GPS tracking, polygraph testing and covert surveillance. Many use high tech equipment to gather evidence, and all work in a discreet manner to gain some sort of unknown information for the client they have been hired by. Although the contemporary investigator may appear more like a James Bond Spy, throughout history many individuals have embarked upon this journey. So where exactly did it all begin?
The first known detective agency was found in 1833, by a French solider named Eugene Vidocq who hired ex-convicts to help in his cases. The police were unhappy with this development, and subsequently arrested him for embezzlement, which Vidocq later believed to be a set up. Through his work, Vidocq created the first plaster cast ever made to identify shoe imprints, as well as indelible ink and unalterable bond paper for printing. Vidocq introduced the fields of criminology and ballistics to criminal investigations, as well as record keeping. He was highly influential, and helped begin the chain of events that resulted in the establishment of detective services as we know it today.
After Vidocq, the industry grew. Generally investigators took on the same roles as police officers, stepping in to cases where they had failed to discover the relevant information. In 1852 England, Charles Field formed his detective agency after retiring from the metropolitan police. Charles was friends with Charles Dickens who wrote many articles on his work; helping to advertise and disperse information on this field of employment. Around the same time in the United States, Alan Pinkerton opened his investigatory agency; that subsequently helped foil plans to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. In 1856, Pinkerton hired the first female detective; Kate Warne. Pinkerton was often hired to trace down western outlaws, such as Jessie James and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance kid.
The detective industry however, only became really accessibly for the average person around the 1920s, this was due to a new surge in wealth and industrialisation. The range of services subsequently evolved with the needs of society. Cases of adultery investigations rocketed, as did investigations into more corporate areas, such as fraud or embezzlement. Investigators were called upon more frequently, and grew in other areas of society, such as literature and film.
Today, in our tumultuous world where rates of crime, deception, dishonesty and lies are the everyday occurrence, it is no surprise that investigators are requested to perform a multitude of services. It was estimated that between the years: 2010-2020, the job growth for private investigators will be 21%- a much higher rate than other industries. Due to such demand, these investigators are ensuring that the services they offer get the results that they need. There is a great diversity now in the modes of investigations; so these detectives can offer assistance in many cases